Faux Small Caps

What are faux small caps? How can we spot them?

Faux small caps happen when we scale down a capital letter to the same x-height as a lower case letter. What happens here is that the weight of the glyph gets scaled down too much compared to the lower-case letter next to it.

Faux Small caps

When a font doesn’t contain a small cap, some page layout software scales down the glyph. This causes a faux small cap.

Note that small caps are sometimes slightly larger than the x-height of the lower case glyphs. There are also petite caps, which are exactly the same x-height as the lower case glyphs.

Scaled Capitals

Either way, it is generally frowned upon to scale a letter within a word. The weights of each character are affected. It just looks bad.

How do I know?

You should be able to see the difference between real small caps and faked ones. If you’re concerned you can’t, simply consult the Glyphs panel to see if they’re there.

Faux Small Caps Example

In the example above you can see how the weight of the capital compared to the rest of the phrase is incorrect in the lower example. It’s a fairly subtle difference, but it’s there.